Oligo Elements are trace minerals diluted in parts per million (ppm), suspended in a liquid glycerin aqueous solution and administered sublingually. Oligo Elements work by normalizing blocked enzyme and imbalanced hormonal function in order to regulate homeostasis in the body. At the cellular level, these elements affect the molecular configuration of enzymatic functioning through a multiplicity of interactive mechanisms. Precise administration normalizes cellular function so cells can efficiently respond to nutritional protocols. All Oligo Elements are in a 2 oz. 10% alcohol and 8% glycerine aqueous solution and amounts listed are per dose. The recommended dosage for adults: Five sprays orally three times a day (20-30 minutes before eating) or as directed by a health care professional. Children under 12: 1/2 the adult dosage or as directed by a health care professional.